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You don’t often hear people say “cannabis addiction” in the scientific and medical communities. Instead, you’re more likely hear the term “cannabis use disorder,” and that’s the condition you will find listed in the official manual of psychiatric diagnostics – the DSM-V. This manual’s definitions and criteria are universally recognized in the U.S. for treatment recommendations, and it characterizes cannabis use disorder using 11 indicators. These markers describe various behaviors relating to cannabis use, including cravings, time spent using, dose, and life impacts. The number of factors experienced by an individual determines the severity of the disorder.
Substance use disorders span a wide variety of problems arising from substance use, and cover 11 different criteria:
The DSM 5 allows clinicians to specify how severe or how much of a problem the substance use disorder is, depending on how many symptoms are identified. Two or three symptoms indicate a mild substance use disorder; four or five symptoms indicate a moderate substance use disorder, and six or more symptoms indicate a severe substance use disorder. Clinicians can also add “in early remission,” “in sustained remission,” “on maintenance therapy,” and “in a controlled environment.”